George Walkden

Papers with are Gold Open Access. Papers with are Green Open Access. If you're struggling to get hold of something, email me.

To appear

  • Accepted. vP preposing with and without remnant movement (with Gary Thoms). Journal of Linguistics.
  • In press. Deriving the Constant Rate Effect (with Henri Kauhanen). Natural Language & Linguistic Theory.


  • 2017. Regional variation in Jespersen's Cycle in Early Middle English (with Donald Alasdair Morrison). Studia Anglica Posnaniensia 52(2), 173-201.
  • 2017. Null subjects in Middle English (with Kristian Rusten). English Language and Linguistics 21(3), 439-473.
  • 2017. Language contact and V3 in Germanic varieties new and old. Journal of Comparative Germanic Linguistics 20(1), 49-81.
  • 2017. Diagnosing embedded V2 in Old English and Old French (with Christine Meklenborg Salvesen). In Eric Mathieu & Rob Truswell (eds.), Micro-change and macro-change in diachronic syntax, 168-181. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • 2017. The actuation problem. In Adam Ledgeway & Ian Roberts (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Historical Syntax, 403-424. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


  • 2016. The HeliPaD: a parsed corpus of Old Saxon. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics 21(4): 559-571.
  • 2016. English is (still) a West Germanic language (with Kristin Bech). Nordic Journal of Linguistics 39(1): 65-100.
  • 2016. Null subjects in early Icelandic (with Kari Kinn & Kristian Rusten). Journal of Germanic Linguistics 28(1): 31-80.
  • 2016. Null subjects in the Lindisfarne Gospels as evidence for syntactic variation in Old English. In Julia Fernández Cuesta & Sara M. Pons Sanz (eds.), The Old English glosses to the Lindisfarne Gospels: language, author and context, 237-254. Buchreihe der Anglia. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.


  • 2015. On constructing a theory of grammatical change (with Kersti Börjars & Nigel Vincent). Transactions of the Philological Society 113(3): 363-382.
  • 2015. Verb-third in early West Germanic: a comparative perspective. In Biberauer & Walkden (eds.), Syntax over time, 236-248.
  • 2015. Introduction: changing views of syntactic change (with Theresa Biberauer). In Biberauer & Walkden (eds.), Syntax over time, 1-13.
  • 2015. Syntax over time: lexical, morphological, and information-structural interactions (ed. with Theresa Biberauer). Oxford Studies in Diachronic and Historical Linguistics 15. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • 2015. Review of Ringe, Don & Ann Taylor, A linguistic history of English, vol. 2: The development of Old English (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014). Diachronica 32(3): 441-447.


  • 2014. Syntactic Reconstruction and Proto-Germanic. Oxford Studies in Diachronic and Historical Linguistics 12. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • 2014. Object position and Heavy NP Shift in Old Saxon and beyond. In Kristin Bech & Kristine M. Eide (eds.), Information structure and word order change in Germanic and Romance languages, 313-340. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
  • 2014. Review of Galves, Charlotte, Sonia Cyrino, Ruth Lopes, Filomena Sandalo & Juanito Avelar (eds.), Parameter Theory and Linguistic Change (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012). Diachronica 31(1): 150-157.


  • 2013. The status of hwæt in Old English. English Language and Linguistics 17(3): 465-488. (Winner of the Richard M. Hogg Prize 2011.)
  • 2013. Null subjects in Old English. Language Variation and Change 25(2): 155-178.
  • 2013. The correspondence problem in syntactic reconstruction. Diachronica 30(1): 95-122.


  • 2012. Against Inertia. Lingua 122(8): 891-901.
  • 2012. Review of Gelderen, Elly van (ed.), Cyclical Change (Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 2009). Journal of Historical Linguistics 2(2): 283-292.
  • 2012. Review of Jonas, Dianne, John Whitman & Andrew Garrett (eds.), Grammatical Change: Origins, Nature, Outcomes (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012). LINGUIST List 23.1810.
  • 2012. Syntactic Reconstruction and Proto-Germanic. PhD dissertation, University of Cambridge.


  • 2011. Abduction or Inertia? The logic of syntactic change. In Chris Cummins, Chi-Hé Elder, Thomas Godard, Morgan Macleod, Elaine Schmidt & George Walkden (eds.), Proceedings of the Sixth Cambridge Postgraduate Conference in Language Research, 230-239. Cambridge: Cambridge Institute of Language Research.
  • 2011. Proceedings of the Sixth Cambridge Postgraduate Conference in Language Research (ed. with Chris Cummins, Chi-Hé Elder, Thomas Godard, Morgan Macleod and Elaine Schmidt). Cambridge: Cambridge Institute of Language Research.


  • 2009. The comparative method in syntactic reconstruction. MPhil dissertation, University of Cambridge.
  • 2009. Deriving the Final-over-Final Constraint from third factor considerations. Cambridge Occasional Papers in Linguistics 5: 67-72.
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